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Hair Loss Treatments

hair-loss-treatments

There are a number of hair loss treatments available. When should you start a hair loss treatment? Which treatment to use. Do all hair loss treatments help all hair loss causes and conditions? Will hair treatments regrow more hair and are the results permanent? The genetic forms of hair loss make up around 90% of all hair loss conditions. Not all treatments are suitable for every hair loss condition. The treatment of hair loss with medications is a large market. As a result, offering relatively inexpensive “remedies” that can be enticing to try. Invariably with no positives results. There are various forms of treatments available. They can range from prescriptive drugs, to over the counter lotions and home-based therapies. Always research the side effects of any treatment before starting.

There are three FDA approved hair loss treatments.  Although FDA approved it must be understood there is no miracle cure. Due to this,  results will vary from person to person,  Always consult a specialist before starting any treatment.

(Minoxidil) Regaine/Rogaine® Topical Solution

In the late 1970s, the American drug company Upjohn created a drug called minoxidil. Initially, the treatment was developed for sufferers of high blood pressure. As a side effect, it was discovered that patients grew hair. As a result, hair growth was noticed in various areas of the body. A number of patients applied a 2% solution to the scalp. It was found that fine hairs grew longer and thicker after the application. Minoxidil stimulates the hair follicles’ active growth (the anagen phase). This causes the hairs to thicken and grow longer. Minoxidil is also helpful in slowing down the rate of hair loss. It helps in approximately 70%-75% of users. Approximately one in two patients actually experiences hair re-growth. The topical solution is available over-the-counter, without a prescription. It is available in both 2% and 5% concentrations. To be effective, the solution should be applied to the scalp twice daily.

It can take at least two-four months before you notice less hair falling. Then around six to seven months to see improved hair re-growth. Usually, this initial re-growth will be fine, short (vellus) hairs. Minoxidil must be used continually, as prescribed, over the long term. Assuming you wish to maintain its beneficial effects. If you stop using the medication, the hair loss will recommence. The main side effect of Minoxidil occurs in approximately 2% of patients. The side effects are dermatological. This can include, skin itching, scaling, and redness. As a result, the use of a propylene glycol free Minoxidil solution may alleviate these symptoms.

(Finasteride) Propecia®

This hair loss medication was approved by the FDA in 1997. Propecia® (finasteride 1mg) is the first pill to gain FDA approval for hair loss sufferers. It was proven on the basis it could treat genetic hair loss in men. As a result, helping the hair over the crown and mid-scalp areas.  In clinical trials, Propecia® stopped hair loss in over 80% of cases. It also stimulated hair re-growth in around 50% of the cases.

Male pattern hair loss is due to the formation of dihydrotestosterone (DHT). Effecting the genetically predisposed hair follicles generally over the top of the scalp. DHT causes increased hair shedding. The gradual miniaturisation or thinning of the hair. This eventually results in permanent hair loss. Finasteride inhibits type 2 5-alpha-reductase. This enzyme is the catalyst that produces the DHT from testosterone. By reducing DHT production the process of hair loss can be reduced. Propecia® is not recommended for use by women. According to Merck, the five-year data on Propecia® indicates that hair counts increase during the first year. While hair mass and thickness increase for up to two years. The studies continued for a five-year period. The finding was that patients taking Propecia® had on average 277 more hairs per 1-inch circle. This was compared with patients receiving the placebo. Finasteride also has few side effects. Those that occur are resolved when the medication is stopped. One side effect, which occurs in 2% of men, is a change in sexual desire or function. Pregnant women and women of childbearing age should not take or handle the medication.

Low-Level Laser Therapy

Low-Level Lasers are referred to as “cold” lasers. This is because they do not release energy in the form of heat. The light wavelength emitted from a low-level laser actually repairs damaged tissues. This is from impaired cellular metabolism by stimulating blood circulation. As a result, this encourages the regeneration of normal, healthy tissues.

During the 1960s and 1970s, researchers used low-level lasers to evaluate their potential. This was particularly for the bio-stimulating effects on living tissues. It was during experiments on patients with leg ulcers finding were made. That the hair follicles surrounding the area being treated by the low-level laser grew new hair. Laser light appears to stimulate microcirculation. At the same time, decrease inflammation and improve cellular metabolism and protein synthesis. Furthermore, European studies suggest that LLLT increases blood and lymph circulation. This occurs at the hair roots and stimulates follicular cells, which may cause hair to grow thicker and stronger.

PRP Therapy for Hair Loss
Hair Loss Treatment Minoxidil Lotion And Foam
Laser Therapy For Male and Female Hair Loss
hair-loss-vitamins-minerals

Platelet Rich Plasma Therapy – PRP

Blood platelets promote healing and accelerate the rate and degree of tissue regeneration. Also, the formation of new cell growth. In respect to hair loss and hair transplantation, PRP can be used.  In this purpose by stimulating inactive or dormant hair follicles. The potential is in a variety of hair loss conditions and to stimulate grafted follicles into the growth phase. Platelets are made up of intracellular structures such as glycogen, lysosomes, and alpha granules. These particles contain clotting and growth factors. They are released during the healing and repair process for injuries such as a cut. Published medical literature from Europe and the United States confirms the safety and use of PRP therapy. The platelets are first separated from the blood. The concentration of platelets is injected back into the area to be treated. The injections generally occur in multiple sites. This high concentration of growth factors also stimulates blood flow.

PRP therapy is not suitable for everyone and caution should be taken. Particularly with patients who have a history of heavy smoking or drug and alcohol use. In addition, patients with certain medical diagnose. This can include, platelet dysfunction syndromes, anticoagulation therapy, chronic skin diseases, and cancer. As well as metabolic and systemic disorders, may not be suitable for PRP therapy.

PLATELET RICH PLASMA FACTORS

The two important factors are PDGF & TGF-β. PDGF or platelet-derived growth factors stimulate cell replication of important stem cells for fibroblasts and endothelial cells (increasing “budding” on new capillaries), stimulates production of fibronectin, a cell adhesion molecule, and helps bring our wound contraction and remodelling. TGF-β stimulates fibroblasts chemotaxis and the production of collagen, while inhibiting collagen degradation by decreasing proteases and increasing protease inhibitors, all of which favour fibrogenisis. Each growth factor has the capacity to induce a unique response in the enhancement of healing; PDGF accelerated wound closure markedly through augmenting connective tissue matrix deposition and TGF-β stimulated new collagen deposition and maturation into larger bundles on the leading edge of the wound, with the likely effect of by-passing some of the inflammatory phase of wound healing.If considering PRP therapy, always fully disclose your medical history to your doctor. For those suitable for PRP, results will vary from person to person. As with any medical treatment, no specific result can be promised.

Mesotherapy

Mesotherapy is a non-invasive and non-surgical treatment. Using a selective combination of elements injected into the body. They can consist of natural plant extracts, homoeopathic agents, vasodilators, finasteride and minoxidil, and vitamins. The active ingredients can be customised dependent on the individual´s needs and hair loss cause.

The principle of the Mesotherapy is based around the hair loss cause. For instance, the lack of nutrients, or poor blood circulation to the hair follicles. Possibly any hormone imbalances in a man or a woman. With men, the production of DHT is the trigger of male pattern baldness. The scalp is effectively being given an injection or boost. The effect can stimulate the hair follicles and blood circulation to improve the quality of hair growth. Microinjections deliver the treatment just below the epidermal layer. This is at a depth of about 1mm beneath the skin surface. There should be little to no discomfort. Individuals with skin complaints, dermal inflammations, diabetes, haemophilia, and pregnancy should take professional advice. It may affect a pre-existing health condition. Dandruff is a scalp condition that can benefit from Mesotherapy. That said, only in severe conditions and only after consultation with a medical practitioner.

Vitamins and Minerals

Vitamins and minerals are essential nutrients the body needs. They help strengthen bones, heal wounds, and support the immune system. They convert food into energy and repair cellular damage. Hair is said to be the barometer of our health. A bad hair day manifested by the lank or lifeless hair. Often a result of burning the candle at both ends. Also, not receiving the essential vitamins and minerals required to sustain a healthy immune system. Vitamins are organic and can be broken down by heat, air, or acid. Minerals are inorganic and hold their chemical composition. Minerals in soil and water are absorbed into the body. This is through plants, fish, animals, and fluids we eat. It’s harder to transport vitamins from food and other sources into your body because cooking and storage can deactivate the compounds.

A poor diet will not give an acceptable quantity of vitamins and minerals. This can affect the scalp and hair healthiness and strength. Maintaining a balanced diet can help the health and quality of hair growth. It is advised to consult a physician before using this or any dietary supplement. Especially if pregnant or nursing mothers´, individuals with bleeding disorders, minors under the age of 18years of age, or with a known medical condition.



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