Hair loss and hair restoration. Hair follicles are genetically programmed from birth. As a result, the genetic coding determines the behaviour of the hair follicles. This is constant throughout life. There are, on average, between 100,000 to 150,000 follicles on the scalp. Fewer than 90,000 hair follicles the density is considered low. Hair can grow a few cms a month. With daily shedding between 50 to 100 hairs per day. As a result of an interruption in the hair growth cycle. Hair loss occurs. Temporary or permanent. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, at any given time 90% of your hair is in the growth phase.
Not all hair grows at the same time. Therefore, approximately 10% are in a resting phase. Anagen is the growth phase. This can last between two to three years. Often even longer. As a result of hair characteristics and genetics. Telogen is the resting phase. This cycle lasts around three to four months. The hairs fall out. Consequently, the new hair enters the growth phase. A continuous cycle. The constant growing and shedding of hair. Hair loss can be caused by a variety of reasons. For example, hormonal problems, disease and medications. Also, medical treatments, heredity, infection, and nutritional deficiency.
Genetic Hair Loss
Hair loss affects men and women. With many forms of hair loss. Most commonly the hereditary hair loss condition. Called androgenic alopecia. Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) and Female Pattern Baldness (FPB). Genetically passed from family members. There´s the strong potential this gene will be inherited. By one or more family members. Especially as genetic hair loss is carried by both maternal or paternal family members. The hair loss patterns can differ. As a result are categorised. Hair loss scales for men and women. The Norwood Scale (NW) classifies degrees of male hair loss stages. NW2 denotes a minor hair loss stage. Whereas NW7 denotes an advanced hair loss stage. The Ludwig Scale classifies degrees of female hair loss stages. Using a similar system of representation.
Hair Loss Treatment
Treatments can help to stabilise hair loss. In some cases improve the quality of hair growth. This is achieved by treating the causes of hair loss. As well as stimulating the hair follicles to grow stronger, healthier hairs once again. For example, with MPB the emphasis is on tackling DHT. But, also, to improve blood flow. This helps to enhance the nutritional support to the hair.
DHT suppressants are taken orally in tablet form. Whilst most regrowth stimulants are applied topically. Consequently, both are home-based treatments. Normally used daily. With two FDA medically proven hair growth treatments available. Minoxidil and Propecia. By far the most used hair loss treatments worldwide.
The latter being a prescriptive product. Whilst minoxidil is available over the counter and online. The Laser Cap (LLLT) is the third FDA approved hair loss treatment. Laser therapy is used every other day. Normally for twenty-five-minute sessions. Laser treatment can help to balance the hair growth cycle. As a result, stabilise the thinning process.
Platelet Rich Plasma. PRP is a concentrated blood plasma treatment. The treatment consists of around three times the normal number of platelets. Found in the blood circulation. The platelets promote healing. As well as accelerate the rate and degree of tissue regeneration. As a result, this aids the formation of new cell growth. PRP can be used to stimulate inactive or dormant hair follicles. The treatment can potentially help with a variety of hair loss condition
Surgical Hair Restoration
Hair transplants have been known for almost 100 years. That genetically strong hair can be moved. From one area called the donor area. To an area of hair loss. Called the recipient area. Traditionally scalp hair is used. But more recently body hair has become an option.
A hair transplant is a minor medical treatment. As a result, performed under local anesthetic. Often in one day. There are two hair transplant techniques. With one main difference between (FUE) and the Strip. That being the method of removing the hair follicles. Consequently the rest of the hair transplant is very similar.
Alternative hair restoration includes using body hair. Hair can be taken from the beard, chest, back and other areas of the body. Consequently it is technically demanding to perform. Using the FUE technique.
Non-Surgical Hair Restoration
SMP is the abbreviation for Scalp Micro Pigmentation. SMP is a form of tattooing. A head tattoo. The treatment uses pigments. Designed to mimic shaved hair. Tiny points or dots are made on the skin surface. SMP is made over several sessions. As a result it can take weeks or months for the finished look. Because the time between sessions can vary. At some point, there will be fading of the pigment. Consequently needing a touch-up to maintain a natural look.
Hair systems have been used for centuries. Off the shelf or custom made are available. The hair is either natural human hair or synthetic. Depending on the colour and quality. For example, natural hair can range from virgin to chemically treated hair.