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Hair Loss and Hair Restoration

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Hair follicles are genetically programmed from birth. As a result, the genetic coding determines the behaviour of the hair follicles through our lifetime. Anagen is the growth phase of the hair follicle.  It can last from two to three years. With Telogen being resting phase. This cycle lasting only three to four months. Hair can grow a few cms per month. At the end of the resting phase, the hairs fall out. The new hair then enters the growth phase. This cycle is maintained by a constant growing and shedding of hair. The result of this is the average person shedding from 50 to 100 hairs each day. Not all hair grows at the same time. As a result, approximately 10% is in a resting phase. 

On average there are 100,000 – 150,000 follicles on the scalp. If there are fewer than 90,000 hairs on the scalp, the hair density is considered thin. Some people suffer interruptions in their normal phases of hair growth.  This results in either temporary or permanent hair loss. Hair loss can be caused by a variety of problems. To name a few conditions that can cause hair loss, hormonal problems, disease, medication, medical treatments, heredity, infection, and nutritional deficiency. According to the American Academy of Dermatology, at any given time 90% of your hair is in the growth phase.

Genetic Hair Loss

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Hair loss can affect men and women. There are many forms of hair loss, with the hereditary hair loss condition called androgenic alopecia. Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) in men and Female Pattern Baldness (FPB) in women. This form of hair loss is passed down genetically from family members.  There is a predestined potential this gene will be inherited by one or more family members. Genetic hair loss can come from either the maternal or paternal family members. The stages or patterns of hair loss are categorised in two hair loss scales for men and women. The Norwood Scale classifies degrees of hair loss stages for men. The lower the number (NW2) represents minor hair loss and the higher the number (NW7) represents advanced hair loss. The Ludwig Scale is the female pattern hair loss Scale with similar representations to the hair loss stage.

Hair Loss Treatment Options

Treatment is designed to stabilise and improve the quality of hair growth. By treating the effects or causes of hair loss and to stimulate the hair follicles to grow stronger, healthier hairs again. With MPB the emphasis is on attacking the DHT effecting the hair follicle. Also, to improve blood flow to enhance the nutritional balance of the hair.

DHT suppressants are taken orally in tablet whilst regrowth stimulants are applied topically in lotion. Both are home-based treatments used daily. There are two FDA medically proven hair growth medications available, Minoxidil and Propecia, the latter being a prescriptive product. The Laser Cap is the third FDA approved treatment for hair loss. The laser can help to balance the hair growth cycle and stabilise the thinning process.

PRP is the abbreviation for the treatment Platelet Rich Plasma. PRP is a concentrated blood plasma treatment. The process contains approximately three times the number of platelets found in normal circulating blood in our body. The platelets promote healing and accelerate the rate and degree of tissue regeneration. As a result, this aids the formation of new cell growth. PRP can be used to stimulate inactive or dormant hair follicles. The treatment can potentially help with a variety of hair loss conditions.

Hair Loss Check Consultation Assessment
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Hair Transplant Hair Restoration

Surgical Hair Restoration

It has been known for over fifty years that genetically strong hair can be moved (donor hair) to a new area of the body (recipient area). Traditionally scalp hair is used but recently body hair is also considered donor hair. The donor hair, even when moved, behaves as if it were still in its original state. A hair transplant is a safe, minor surgical procedure under local anesthetic and sedative usually taking one day to perform. It should be understood that not all hair transplant procedures are the same.  There are two hair transplant techniques. The Strip Technique (FUT) and FUE. The major difference between Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) and the Strip Harvesting Technique (FUT) is the method of extracting the follicular units.

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Beard reconstruction transplants have become more popular in the last few years. With some men wishing to increase the coverage and or density of their existing beards. The donor hair is usually the traditional scalp donor hair. This hair needs to be qualified that the hair characteristics match the beard. Also, the scalp hair has a different growth cycle to beard hair. As a result, the hair will require trimming to ensure a natural blend is maintained.

Hair can be taken from the beard, chest, back and other areas of the body. It is a technically demanding technique to perform using the FUE technique. Body hair has different hair characteristics to scalp hair. 

Non-Surgical Hair Restoration

SMP is the abbreviation for the treatment called Scalp Micro Pigmentation. SMP is a sophisticated form of tattooing the skin, a head tattoo. The idea is to mimic the look of shaved hair. The treatment uses medical grade pigments and micro instruments. As a result, this allows the SMP technician to create thousands of tiny points that mimic the look of shaved hairs. The technician must be experienced and skilled. Their technical and artistic ability is paramount to the quality of the result. It requires knowledge of facial bone structure. This allows for the correct hairline design to frame the face well.  Not being too aggressive or conservative is an art.

SMP generally requires a number of sessions to achieve a full result. The time between each session and the number of sessions can vary. This can depend on the skin type and other variants.  Results will last months or years. The time depends on the type of pigment used. At some point, there will be mild fading of the pigment. A pigmentation touch-up will increase the contrast again.

Hair systems can be mass made or custom made to the individual´s head measurements. Often made of a synthetic material with the hair woven or fused into the base. The hair is either natural human hair or synthetic depending on the colour. The natural hair can range from virgin hair which is the best to treat hair that has been coloured.

The system can be attached with tape or clips or a more permanent bonding adhesive. This lasts approximately four weeks before the unit lifts and needs to be adjusted. The systems can last anything from a few weeks to months and years depending on the base material and wear and tear.



Learn more about male and female hair loss

FREE, NO-OBLIGATION CONSULTATION

The next step is having answers to your questions. With an online consultation, we want to make that as easy as possible for you. Not to mention, free and without obligation.

Your personal assessment is designed to answer your questions. Are you a good hair transplant candidate. What is your hair loss stage? Are your goals and expectations realistic? How many grafts, which technique and the cost.

For an online consultation and request a quote use the consultation form and complete the details. Alternatively, request more information on a hair restoration treatment by sending your contact details to us.

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