The first type of hair transplant procedures was performed well over 50 years ago now. The first form of hair transplant is still remembered by many derogatory names such as “doll´s hair” and “plugs”. This was due to how many hairs were in each graft. Each plug or graft could contain 30 hairs or so. This resulted in an unnatural look. Hence the names. Today, the techniques have evolved. How many hairs in a graft should mimic natural hair growth.
A major evolution in hairs to graft
Thankfully surgical hair restoration has moved on from these early days. Today exceptional results from skilled surgeons can deliver totally natural and undetectable results. Hairlines that even those that know you could not detect as being anything but natural. This is due to the use of naturally growing groups of hairs. Called follicular units or FU´s.
How many hairs were in a graft was now dictated by the natural hair groups. Growing around the head. Opposed to the man-made creation of hair grafts. This new method helped to preserve good donor management. FU´s can contain one to four hairs. When placed strategically in the recipient area create a natural appearance. Careful alignment of each follicle follows the natural direction of the native hair. This helped to achieve natural hairlines, maximum coverage and natural looking density from a relatively small amount of hairs.
The Newest Techniques Now Demand Advanced Skills
Greater skills were required to excise the natural groups of FU intact. Follicular Unit transplanting separates the natural groups of hairs, from 1-4 hairs in each group. Thus enables the groups to be utilised in the optimum place in the recipient zone.
Single hair FU is to be used on the hairline. Two hair units behind, then three and four hair units to increase density. A Follicular Unit Hair Transplant is far more natural and can mimic nature. With refined surgical abilities to place each unit close enough together. To position the units with precise direction and orientation making it impossible to differentiate from a person´s naturally growing hair.
Typically, approximately 30% of scalp hair follicles have one hair. 40% have two hairs and 30% of follicles have three to four hairs. But this varies from person to person and ethnic background. There is a higher concentration of single and two hair units around each side of the head. With a larger percentage of three and four hair units found at the back of the head.
Designing your hair restoration
When designing a hair transplant it is important for a varied mix of each hair grouping. Otherwise, the result will look unnatural. The hair density will be too low. The hairline will look plugy. With the use of both FUT and FUE techniques, it is now possible to widen the harvest area and increase the overall graft number potential. At a hair transplant consultation, you can discuss the virtues of each technique.
Advances in hair transplant surgical hair restoration techniques are well suited to treat both men and women. Today´s technology enables high density and natural hairline designs. For those that are suitable candidates, the latest follicular unit grafting hair transplant methods present an ideal solution.