There are many hair loss conditions men and women suffer from. Why we suffer from hair loss is relatively simple. When we shed more hair daily than we regrow is the answer. Some people have interruptions in their normal phases of hair growth. As a result, in either temporary or permanent condition, we suffer from hair loss. Hair loss can be caused by effects. Such as hormonal problems, disease, medication, medical treatments, heredity, infection and nutritional deficiency.
Not all hair grows at the same time. At any given time 90% of our hair is in a hair growth phase and 10% is in a resting phase. According to the American Academy of Dermatology.
Anagen is the growth phase of hair and it lasts about two to three years. Telogen is the resting phase of hair growth and it lasts only three to four months. During the growth phase, your hair can grow two, three centimetres per month. At the end of the resting phase, the hair strands in this pattern fall out. New hair enters the growth phase with the average person shedding from 50 to 100 hairs each day.
And the most common hair loss condition is…
Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) in men and Female Pattern Baldness (FPB) in women. The hereditary hair loss condition is called androgenic alopecia. This form of hair loss is passed down genetically from family members. On either the maternal or paternal sides.
Male-pattern baldness is a result of a gene in the body that converts large quantities of testosterone into DHT (dihydrotestosterone). Hair loss occurs to some extent in 60-70% of all men. DHT triggers the hair loss gene. As a result, the hair follicle slows down the production of hairs. Until eventually it stops altogether.
On average there are 100,000 – 150,000 follicles on the scalp. If there are fewer than 90,000 hairs on the scalp, the hair density is considered thin.
Other common hair loss conditions
The genetic hair loss condition makes up around 90% of hair loss conditions. There are more examples of how hair loss can occur, some reversible conditions. Such examples of other types of hair loss may include but are not limited to stress, iron deficiency, thyroid disease, traction alopecia, trauma and medication. It is important before any treatment is administered a proper assessment is performed.
Telogen Effluvium – With Telogen being the last stage of the hair cycle. Under normal circumstances, this results in shedding around 100 hairs per day. Followed by new hair growth from the same hair follicles. Telogen effluvium, the shedding can increase to 200 hairs per day. This can continue for weeks and even months. As a result, can reduce the overall hair density by 40%. Common causes are severe shock or stress, childbirth, excessive weight loss, and ill-health.
Alopecia Areata – Considered to be an autoimmune hair loss condition. Resulting in small patches of hair loss. These can appear over any area of the scalp. Even affecting other areas of the face and body. These patchy can overlap to create larger areas of hair loss. The condition is very unpredictable and hard to treat. Hair follicles can lay dormant for many months and even years. But full hair regrowth is possible.
Anagen Effluvium – A condition caused by the introduction of toxins into the system. Chemotherapy is a common example. This can manifest in an immediate shedding of hair. Directly from the active growing stage of the hair growth cycle. Once the toxins or level has reduced sufficiently the hair will normally regrow.
Diffuse Alopecia – Also known as DUPA. Sustained thinning of hair throughout the entire scalp. Miniaturised or narrowing of the hair shafts. Can have many causes, normally health and blood-related. Persistent hormone problems and iron deficiency can often cause this problem.
Traction Alopecia – A symptom of the frequent pulling the hair. Often back into tight pony tails and tight braids. Also, through using harsh brushing and styling techniques. Traction alopecia can be treated easily if caught early on but it is possible for the hair follicles to die if the problem continues, therefore it can potentially cause permanent hair loss.
What´s in a hair loss consultation
Often the next and best step is to talk to a professional. Find out the cause of your hair loss. Can it be treated and what are the chances of reversing the condition. A hair loss consultation should be free of charge. You can often start online and go from there. There is no obligation to act on the information. So, really you have nothing to lose. And maybe regain your hair again!