The Evolution of Hair Transplant Techniques

The Evolution of Hair Transplant Techniques

Surgical hair restoration or hair transplantation has evolved from the late 1950´s when it started to be considered as a cosmetic procedure. But how do hair transplant patients and the public feel about the latest methods, has much has really changed, how well have the techniques evolved and has the knowledge of the doctor´s improved, artistic understanding of the anatomy.

The techniques have improved immensely from the old plug grafts, bunches of hair placed back into the scalp giving an unnatural tufted effect, sometimes derogatorily known as “toothbrush” or “dolls hair” look.

Techniques today, Follicular Unit Transplant (FUT) and Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) can give perfectly natural results undetectable from your native growing hair. One reason for this is the placement of the hairs; now placed in natural grouping known as follicular units, normally from 1 to 4 hairs per natural group. This allows for a natural hair line to be designed, no large bunches of hair.

Natural hair density, or to put it correctly, the look of natural hair density has been one major step forward. The spacing between each graft has reduced over time to now in a single procedure a natural dense looking result can be achieved.

But, even with the advent of these two techniques a high degree of skill is required that does not rely so much on the Doctor´s medical training, an innate understanding of artistry and proportions of the facial features to rebuild a head of hair.

Another aspect that has improved for the right candidate is size of the procedures; it was not that long ago a large procedure was considered to be around 1000 grafts, even just a few years ago 3000 grafts was considered to be very large. Now, more so with FUT, it is common to see procedures of 4-5000 plus follicular units in one day. Even FUE which is slower and in the early days would produce 500 graft procedures are now on the right candidate reaching 3000 grafts.

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